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A Low-Cost and Do-It-Yourself Device for Pumping Monitoring in Deep Aquifers

TitleA Low-Cost and Do-It-Yourself Device for Pumping Monitoring in Deep Aquifers
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsAliagas, C, Pérez-Foguet, A, Meseguer, R, Millán, P, Molina, C
AbstractWater crises due to climate change, high population growth and increasing demands from industry and agriculture claim for increasing efficiency and universalizing water resources management strategies and techniques. Water monitoring helps providing necessary evidences for making sound decisions about managing water resources both now and in the future. In this work, a low cost and “do it yourself” communication device is proposed to record water production and energy consumption of electric pumpings from deep boreholes/wells, and to predict the impact of the ongoing and previous pumpings in the evolution of the water level in the aquifer. The proposal incorporates an edge-computing approach for the simulation of the aquifer response in real-time. Computation of results of interest is performed at the sensor, minimizing communication requirements and ensuring almost immediate results. An approximated solution to physically based modeling of aquifer response is computed thanks to the a priori expression of the water level time evolution in a reduced basis. The accuracy is enough to detect deviations from expected behaviour. The energy consumption of the device is very much reduced with respect to that of a full modelling, which can be computed off-line for calibrating reduced model parameters and perform detailed analyses. The device is tested in a real scenario, in a mountain subbasin of the Ebro river in Spain, obtaining a good trade-off between performance, price, and energy consumption.